The propensity of Li to form irregular and nonplanar electrodeposits has
become a fundamental barrier for fabricating Li metal batteries. Here, a
planar, dendrite-free Li metal growth on 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene is reported. Ab
initio calculations suggest that Li forms a hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
layer on the surface of Ti3C2Tx via ionic bonding and the lattice confinement.
The ionic bonding weakens gradually after a few monolayers, resulting in a
nanometers-thin transition region of hcp-Li. Above this transition region, the
deposition is dominated by plating of body-centered cubic (bcc) Li via metallic
bonding. Formation of a dense and planar Li metal anode with preferential
growth along the (110) facet is explained by the lattice matching between
Ti3C2Tx and hcp-Li and then with bcc-Li, as well as preferred thermodynamic
factors including the large dendrite formation energy and small migration barrier
for Li. The prepared Li metal anode shows stable cycling in a wide current
density range from 0.5 to 10.0 mA cm–2. The LiFePO4‖Li full cell fabricated
with this Li metal anode exhibits only 9.5% capacity fading after 500 charge–
discharge cycles at 1 C rate.
Di Yang,Chunyu Zhao,Ruqian Lian,Lin Yang,Yizhan Wang,Yu Gao,Xu Xiao,Yury Gogotsi,Xudong Wang,Gang Chen,Yingjin Wei.
Advanced Functional Materials,31:24,2010987(2021)